Research

Online BIOSEC research archive: papers, seminars, reports, books and blogs, plus links to other useful resources.

Articles

Academic journal articles and publications

Transnational environmental crime threatens sustainable development

Gore, M.L., Braszak, P., Brown, J., Cassey, P., Duffy, R., Fisher, J.,Graham, J., Justo-Hanani, R., Kirkwood, A.E., Lunstrum, E., Machalaba, C., Massé, F.,  Manguiat, M.,  Omrow, D., Stoett, P., Wyatt, T.,  & White, R. (2019) ‘Transnational environmental crime threatens sustainable developmentNature Sustainability. 12.08.2019

Why we must question the militarisation of conservation

Duffy, R., Massé, F., Smidt, E., Marijnen, E., Büscher, B., Verweijen, J., Ramutsindela, M., Simlaie, T., Joanny, L., Lunstrum, E. (2019) Why we must question the militarisation of conservation. Biological Conservation 05.02.2019.

Working governance for working land

Brockington, D., Adams, W.M., Agarwal, B., Agrawal, A., Büscher, B., Chhatre, A., Duffy, R., Fletcher, R., Oldekop, J. A. Science. Vol. 362, Issue 6420. 17.12.2018 (Letters)

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The Conservation Ideological State Apparatus

Margulies, J. 2018. ‘The Conservation Ideological State Apparatus’, Conservation & Society Special Issue: Political Ecologies of Green Wars, 11.04.2018

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Inclusive Anti-poaching? Exploring the Potential and Challenges of Community-based Anti-Poaching

Massé, F., Gardiner, A., Lubilo, R., & Themba, M. 2017. ‘Inclusive Anti-poaching? Exploring the Potential and Challenges of Community-based Anti-Poaching.’ South Africa Crime Quarterly, 60, 19-27. 23.06.2017.

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War, by Conservation

Duffy, R., 2016, ‘War, by Conservation’ Geoforum. 09.10.2015,  pp. 238-248.

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Towards a new understanding of the links between poverty and illegal wildlife hunting

Duffy, R., F.A.V. St John, B. Buscher and D. Brockington, 2015. ‘Towards a new understanding of the links between poverty and illegal wildlife hunting’. Conservation Biology, 30(1). Pp. 14-22.

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The militarization of anti-poaching: undermining long term goals

Duffy, R., F.A.V. St John, B. Buscher and D. Brockington, 2015. ‘The militarization of anti-poaching: undermining long term goals’. Environmental Conservation, 42(4): 345–348.

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Waging a Waging a War to Save Biodiversity: The Rise of Militarised Conservation

Duffy, R., 2014. ‘Waging a Waging a War to Save Biodiversity: The Rise of Militarised Conservation’. International Affairs, 90 (4). pp. 819-834.

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Biology’s drones: undermined by fear

Humle, T., Duffy. R et al, 2014, Science. Vol 344, no. 6190, p.1351 (Letters).
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Blogs & Media

Articles published in blogs, newspapers and magazines

The Politics of Anti-Poaching

Margulies, J. 2019. ‘The Politics of Anti-Poaching‘. A ‘Knowing Animals’ podcast with Dr Siobhan O’Sullivan 04.02.2019

Human-Wildlife Conflict

Margulies, J. 2018. ‘Human-Wildlife Conflict’. A ‘Knowing Animals’ podcast with Dr Siobhan O’Sullivan 05.11.2018

War, By Conservation

Duffy, R. 2018. ‘War, By Conservation‘. A ‘Knowing Animals’ podcast with Dr Siobhan O’Sullivan 22.10.2018

Books

Authored, co-authored or edited books

Papers & Talks

Keynotes, presentations and abstracts

Future Sustainability Built on Present Injustice? A Critical Engagement with the Concept of Environmental Peacebuilding

Lappe-Osthege, T. 2019. Abstract from the International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding 24 October 2019

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Systematised data collection in protected areas: supporting or surveilling field conservation staff?

Joanny, L. 2019. Abstract from paper given at 2019 RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, London, 30 Aug 2019.

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The political ecology of security: conservation, capitalism and global security converge

Duffy, R. 2019. Abstract from the ICTA-UAB / SIID Workshop “Conservation, Climate Change And Decolonisation – Exploring New Frontiers In Conservation Social Science” in Barcelona October 2019.

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A Political Ecology of Security: The convergence of conservation and security in the illegal wildlife trade

Duffy, R. 2019. Abstract from the Political Ecology Network workshop in Sheffield, 19 June 2019.

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Fast tech, slow humans? The social side of implementing monitoring technologies for wildlife conservation

Joanny, L. 2019. Abstract from the International Congress for Conservation Biology 23 July 2019

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Political Plants

Margulies, J. 2019. Abstract from the Political Ecology Network workshop in Sheffield, 19 June 2019.

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Geopolitical Ecologies of the Illegal Wildlife Trade: Macro Trends and Local Manifestations of Changes in Conservation and Development Assistance

Masse, F. 2019. Talk given at Northumbria University 15 May 2019.

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The political afterlives of lively commodities

Bersaglio, B & Margulies, J. 2019. Abstract from paper given at Animal Remains conference, Sheffield 29-30 April 2019.

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A Political Ecology of Security: The convergence of conservation and security in the illegal wildlife trade

Duffy, R. 2019. Abstract from talk given at The University of Barcelona, 4 March 2019

Desire and the non-human- the illicit cactus and affective geographies of extinction

Margulies, J. 2019. Abstract from paper given at AAG 2019 conference, Washington DC, 3-7 April 2019.

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Mapping new configurations and geographies of military, security and policing power with the “war” on poaching

Masse, F. 2019. Abstract from paper given at AAG 2019 conference, Washington DC, 3-7 April 2019.

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Securing Sturgeon- Politics of Life and Death in the pursuit of ‘Black Gold’

Dickinson, Hannah. 2019. Abstract from paper given at AAG 2019 conference, Washington DC, 3-7 April 2019.

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Environmental Peacebuilding – New Research Trajectories For Post-Conflict Natural Resource Management

Lappe-Osthege, T. 2019. Roundtable at the International Studies Association annual convention 28 March 2019.

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Political Ecologies of Security: strategies of accumulation and militarisation in anti poaching

Duffy, R. 2019. Abstract from talk given at The University of Leeds, 13 February 2019

Encountering ‘the Border’: Geopolitical Ecologies of Sturgeon Conservation

Dickinson, H. 2019. Abstract from paper given at the Conservation Geopolitics forum 20-22 March 2019.

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Political Ecological of Security: Thinking through the illegal wildlife trade

Duffy, R. 2018. Presentation slides from talk given at Bristol University, 23 October 2018

The geopolitical priorities of US biodiversity conservation: mapping the activities and funding of the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s International Affairs Program

Masse, F. and Margulies, J. 2019. Abstract from paper given at the Conservation Geopolitics forum 20-22 March 2019.
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Thinking (geo)politically: A political ecology of conservation and global security

Duffy, R. 2019. Plenary at the Conservation Geopolitics forum 20-22 March 2019.

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Making the “man-eater”: the role of the state in producing more-than-human geographies of deathly encounter

Margulies, J. 2018. Abstract from paper given at 2018 RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, Cardiff, 31 Aug 2018.

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Circulations of Caviar: The Geopolitical Ecology of Sturgeon and their ‘Black Gold.’

Dickinson, H. 2018. Abstract from paper given at 2018 RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, Cardiff, 30 Aug 2018.

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Thinking Through the Political Ecology of Wildlife Crime: Power, Biodiversity, Security, and the Changing Politics of Conservation

Massé, F. 2018. Keynote given at the Environmental Crime and Security Conference, Sarajevo, 28 Aug 2018.

Political Ecologies of Security: The Militarization of Conservation

Duffy, R. 2018. Presentation to the Centre of Excellence in Environmental Decisions (CEED), Brisbane, 24 Jul 2018.

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Political Ecology of Security: The politics of transnational wildlife crime

Duffy, R. 2018. Abstract from paper given at IPSA World Congress, Brisbane, 21-26 Jul 2018.

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Political Ecology of Security: British Army Training in APUs.

Duffy, R. (2018). Presentation slides from paper given at POLLEN18: Political Ecology, the Green Economy, and Alternative Sustainabilities, Oslo, 20-22 Jun 2018.

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‘Mobile Caviar’: The Geopolitics of ‘Non-Human’ Migration and Mobility’.

Dickinson, H. 2018. Abstract from paper given at POLLEN18: Political Ecology, the Green Economy, and Alternative Sustainabilities, Oslo, 20-22 Jun 2018.

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Environmental peacebuilding and the immaterial environment – Understanding territorial conflicts through environmental sensemaking.

Lappe-Osthege, T. 2018. Abstract from paper given at POLLEN18: Political Ecology, the Green Economy, and Alternative Sustainabilities, Oslo, 20-22 Jun 2018.

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Policing Biodiversity: Biopolitics, Biopolitical Production, and Securing Conservation Economies.

Masse, F. 2018. Abstract from paper given at POLLEN18: Political Ecology, the Green Economy, and Alternative Sustainabilities, Oslo, 20-22 Jun 2018.

Rhinopower: The “Make Live and Let Die” Politics of Rhino Conservation in Kenya

Bersaglio, B. 2018. Abstract from paper given at POLLEN18: Political Ecology, the Green Economy, and Alternative Sustainabilities, Oslo, 20-22 Jun 2018.

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‘Black Gold’ & Grey Areas: Gaps in the regulation of caviar trade in the EU.

Dickinson, H. 2018. Presentation to Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge. 7 Jun 2018.

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‘If it flies, it dies’: The illegal bird trade from the Western Balkans into the EU

Lappe-Osthege, T. 2018. Presentation to Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge. 7 Jun 2018.

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Biodiversity and wildlife crime: On safari to extinction

Massé, F. 2018. Discussion panel at the European Youth Event, Strasbourg, 1 June 2018.

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More-than-human geographies of encounter: a praxiography of human-wildlife conflict

Margulies, J. 2018. Abstract from paper given at ‘Social difference and nature: Contesting Narratives of Elitism’ conference, Edinburgh, 31 May -1 June 2018.

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State Power in Green: From Conservation Areas to the Conservation State

Masse, F..2018. Abstract from paper given at AAG 2018 conference, New Orleans, 10-14 April 2018.

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Making the “man-eater”: the role of the state in producing violent multispecies environments

Margulies, J. 2018. Abstract from paper given at AAG 2018 conference, New Orleans, 10-14 April 2018.

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‘Mobile Caviar’: The Geopolitics of ‘Non-Human’ Migration and Mobility

Dickinson, H. 2018. Abstract from paper given at RGS Midterm conference, Royal Holloway, April 2018

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Exploring the Linkages of Biodiversity and Security – The Case of the Illegal Bird Trade in the Western Balkans.

Lappe-Osthege, T. Abstract from paper given at the Adriatic Flyway Conference, Serbia. 19-23 Mar 2018.

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Conservation Enforcement in Nepal

Duffy, R. Video address for ‘Conservation Enforcement in Nepal: Exploring enforcement-based responses to wildlife trade’ event, Nepal. 10 Jan 2018.

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Departmental seminar: BIOSEC

Duffy, R. Presentation slides from Departmental Seminar, Dept. of Politics, University of Sheffield. 18 Oct 2017.

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Knowledge Exchange workshop: IWT Symposium

Duffy, R., Joanny, L., and Dickinson, H. Presentation slides from the first BIOSEC Knowledge Exchange workshop at Oxford Martin School Illegal Wildlife Trade Symposium. 26 Sep 2017.

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The Ivory Trade

Duffy, R. Talk on the ivory trade to mark the opening of Stories from the East: The Grice Ivories exhibition at Weston Park Museum. 18 May 2017

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Environmental Crime: The Politics of Redefining Wildlife Trafficking as a Global Security Threat

Duffy. R. Talk for  Human Geographies Research Seminar Series, Department of Geography, University of Sheffield. 9 May 2017.

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Interventionism, global security and the new era of biodiversity conservation

Duffy, Abstract from paper given at AAG 2017 conference, Boston, 5-9 April 2017.

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Interventionism, global security and the new era of biodiversity conservation

Duffy, R. 2017. Presentation given at Trinity International Development Initiative (TIDI) at Trinity College, Dublin, on 17 February 2017

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British Animal Studies Network Conference: Keynote

Duffy, R. Keynote British Animal Studies Network Conference, University of Sheffield. 18-19 November 2016.

Listen to the keynote. 

Reports

Reports, policy documents and consultancies

Research to address the illegal wildlife trade

A briefing note for policy-makers and practitioners, published in September 2018

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EU Trade Policy and the Wildlife Trade

Duffy, R., 2016 (INTA DG Trade, Brussels, European Parliament).

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Mapping Donors: Key Areas for Tackling Illegal Wildlife Trade (Africa and Asia)

Duffy, R. and J. Humphreys (2014). Mapping Donors: Key Areas for Tackling Illegal Wildlife Trade (Africa and Asia). Evidence on Demand Report HD151.

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Rhino poaching: How do we respond?

Duffy, R. R.H. Emslie and M.H. Knight (2013). Rhino poaching: How do we respond?. Report prepared for UK DfID, December 2013. Evidence on Demand Report HD087.

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Poverty, Poaching and Trafficking: What are the links?

Duffy, R. and F.A.V. St. John (2013). Poverty, Poaching and Trafficking: What are the links?. Consultancy Report for DFID, June 2013. Evidence on Demand Report HD059.

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Useful Resources

Information from other sources that can help us understand the illegal wildlife trade

Geographies of conservation II: Technology, surveillance and conservation by algorithm

Adams, William M. 2017. ‘Geographies of conservation II: Technology, surveillance and conservation by algorithm.’ Progress in Human Geography, 1-14. 2017.

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Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking of birds in the Mediterranean.

BirdLife International. 2016. ‘Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking of birds in the Mediterranean.’ In Bird Conservation International, Vol. 26, pp. 1-28.

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The Rise of Environmental Crime – A Growing Threat To Natural Resources Peace, Development And Security.

Nellemann, C., et al  (eds) ‘The Rise of Environmental Crime – A Growing Threat To Natural Resources Peace, Development And Security’.  UNEP- INTERPOL Rapid Response Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme and RHIPTO Rapid Response–Norwegian Center for Global Analyses, 2016.

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An Illusion of Complicity: Terrorism and the Illegal Ivory Trade in East Afric

McGuire, T. and C. Haenlein (2015). ‘An Illusion of Complicity: Terrorism and the Illegal Ivory Trade in East Africa’. RUSI Occasional Paper series. Sep 2015.

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Beyond Enforcement: Engaging Communities in Tackling Wildlife Crime

Roe, D. et al (2015). ‘Beyond Enforcement: Engaging Communities in Tackling Wildlife Crime’. IIED, London, Apr 2015.

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Stocktaking of the main problems and review of national enforcement mechanisms for tackling illegal killing, trapping and trade of birds in the EU.

BIO Intelligence Service. 2011. Stocktaking of the main problems and review of national enforcement mechanisms for tackling illegal killing, trapping and trade of birds in the EU. Final report prepared for European Commission (DG Environment). 30.12.2011.

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The Environmental Crime Crisis

Nellemann, C., et al (eds) (2014). ‘The Environmental Crime Crisis – Threats to Sustainable Development from Illegal Exploitation and Trade in Wildlife and Forest Resources’. UNEP Rapid Response Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme and GRID. Arendal, Nairobi and Arendal, 2014.

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